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Fruits are important sources of dietary fibre, vitamins (especially vitamin C), and antioxidants. Although fresh fruits are topic to spoilage, their shelf life may be extended by refrigeration or by the elimination of oxygen from their storage or packaging containers. Fruits may be processed into juices, jams, and jellies and preserved by dehydration, canning, fermentation, and pickling. Waxes, similar to those from bayberries (wax myrtles), and vegetable ivory from the hard fruits of a South American palm species (Phytelephas macrocarpa) are important fruit-derived products. Various drugs come from fruits, such as morphine from the fruit of the opium poppy.
In the photograph on the best, stages of flowering and fruit development in the noni or Indian mulberry (Morinda citrifolia) may be observed on a single branch. First an inflorescence of white flowers known as a head is produced. After fertilization, each flower develops into a drupe, and because the drupes broaden, they turn out to be connate (merge) right into a multiple fleshy fruit called a syncarp. The groupings usually are not evolutionarily related, since many diverse plant taxa may be in the same group, however mirror how the flower organs are arranged and the way the fruits develop.
Some or the entire edible part of accessory fruit is not generated by the ovary. Accessory fruit may be simple, mixture, or multiple, i.e., they can embrace a number of pistils and different components from the identical flower, or the pistils and other components of many flowers. Dewberry flowers.
All fruits and vegetables ought to be rinsed earlier than eating. This advice additionally applies to produce with rinds or skins that are not eaten. It should be done just earlier than preparing or eating to keep away from untimely spoilage. Fruits are also used for gift giving, e.g., … Read more